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Black Gram Market Analysis- Industry Size, Share, Research Report, Insights, Covid-19 Impact, Statistics, Trends, Growth and Forecast 2023-2030

Published Date: February, 2023
No of Pages: 152
Delivery Format: PDF+ Excel
Corporate User License


Market Overview

Black gram, also known as urad dal or black lentil, is a widely consumed legume that belongs to the Fabaceae family. It is native to the Indian subcontinent and is a significant crop in many Asian countries. Black gram is highly valued for its nutritional content and is a staple ingredient in many traditional cuisines. The black gram market has witnessed steady growth in recent years, driven by increasing consumer awareness about its health benefits and the rising demand for plant-based protein sources.


Black gram, scientifically known as Vigna mungo, is a type of pulse crop that is extensively cultivated for its edible seeds. The term “black gram” refers to both the whole legume and the split dehusked seeds, which are commonly used in various culinary preparations. These seeds are rich in protein, dietary fiber, vitamins, and minerals, making them a nutritious addition to the diet. Black gram is widely consumed in the form of dal, sprouts, and flour.

Black Gram Market Report Scope and Segmentation
UNIT Value (USD Million/Billion)

Executive Summary

The global black gram market has experienced substantial growth in recent years. The increasing adoption of vegetarian and vegan diets, coupled with the growing demand for plant-based protein sources, has significantly contributed to the market’s expansion. Additionally, the rising consumer awareness regarding the health benefits associated with black gram consumption has further fueled market growth. The market is characterized by a competitive landscape, with several key players operating in both domestic and international markets.

Key Market Insights

  1. Growing consumer preference for plant-based protein sources is driving the demand for black gram.
  2. Black gram is gaining popularity due to its nutritional value and health benefits.
  3. Increasing adoption of vegetarian and vegan diets is propelling the market growth.
  4. Rising disposable incomes and changing lifestyles are contributing to increased black gram consumption.
  5. The food industry is a major end-user of black gram, utilizing it in various culinary preparations.

Market Drivers

The black gram market is influenced by several key drivers that are shaping its growth and development.

  1. Increasing Consumer Awareness: Growing consumer awareness about the nutritional value of black gram and its health benefits, such as improved digestion, enhanced cardiovascular health, and weight management, is driving the market demand.
  2. Rising Demand for Plant-Based Protein: With the rising trend of vegetarian and vegan diets, there is a growing demand for plant-based protein sources. Black gram, being a rich source of protein, is gaining popularity as an alternative to animal-based protein sources.
  3. Health Consciousness: The increasing focus on health and wellness among consumers is boosting the demand for nutritious food ingredients. Black gram’s high protein content, low fat, and rich fiber content make it an attractive choice for health-conscious individuals.
  4. Changing Food Habits: Changing lifestyles, urbanization, and the influence of global cuisines have led to a shift in food preferences. Black gram, with its versatility and adaptability in various culinary preparations, is increasingly being incorporated into contemporary dishes.

Market Restraints

Despite the positive growth trajectory, the black gram market faces certain challenges that may hinder its expansion.

  1. Price Volatility: Fluctuations in the price of black gram due to variations in crop yield, climate conditions, and market dynamics pose a challenge for both buyers and sellers. Unpredictable price fluctuations can affect the market stability.
  2. Limited Cultivation Areas: Black gram is primarily cultivated in specific regions with suitable agro-climatic conditions. Limited cultivation areas restrict the availability of black gram in certain markets, leading to supply-demand imbalances.
  3. Lack of Infrastructure: Inadequate post-harvest infrastructure and storage facilities can result in quality deterioration and post-harvest losses, impacting the overall market growth.
  4. Pest and Disease Management: Black gram cultivation is susceptible to various pests and diseases, which can adversely affect crop yield and quality. Effective pest and disease management practices are crucial to ensuring a consistent and healthy supply of black gram.

Market Opportunities

The black gram market presents several opportunities that can be explored by industry participants to drive growth and capitalize on emerging trends.

  1. Product Diversification: Expanding the product portfolio to include value-added black gram products such as black gram flour, sprouts, snacks, and ready-to-cook meals can cater to the changing consumer preferences and provide new growth avenues.
  2. Geographic Expansion: Exploring untapped markets and expanding the distribution network to reach new consumers can help in expanding the market presence and increasing market share.
  3. Organic and Sustainable Production: The rising demand for organic and sustainable food products presents an opportunity for black gram producers to adopt organic farming practices and cater to the niche market segment seeking organic options.
  4. Research and Development: Investing in research and development activities to develop improved black gram varieties with higher yields, disease resistance, and enhanced nutritional profiles can drive market growth and meet the evolving consumer demands.

Market Dynamics

The black gram market is characterized by dynamic factors that shape its growth and development.

  1. Consumer Preferences: Changing consumer preferences, such as the increasing adoption of vegetarian and vegan diets, health consciousness, and the demand for plant-based protein sources, have a significant impact on the market dynamics.
  2. Government Initiatives: Government initiatives to promote agricultural development, provide financial support, and encourage farmers to adopt modern farming techniques can positively influence black gram cultivation and market growth.
  3. Trade and Export Opportunities: The globalization of food trade has opened up opportunities for black gram exporters. Expanding export markets and complying with international quality and safety standards can enhance market competitiveness.
  4. Technological Advancements: Advancements in agricultural technology, such as precision farming, mechanization, and improved irrigation techniques, can enhance black gram productivity and quality, leading to market growth.
  5. Consumer Education: Educating consumers about the health benefits and versatility of black gram can create awareness and drive market demand.

Regional Analysis

The black gram market exhibits regional variations influenced by factors such as climate, cultural preferences, and culinary traditions. Major regions contributing to the global black gram market include:

  1. Asia-Pacific: Asia-Pacific dominates the black gram market, with India being the largest producer and consumer of black gram. Other countries in the region, such as Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, and Myanmar, also have a significant presence in the market.
  2. North America: The demand for black gram is increasing in North America, driven by the growing popularity of plant-based protein sources and the rising adoption of vegetarian and vegan diets.
  3. Europe: Europe is witnessing a rising demand for black gram due to its nutritional benefits and versatility in plant-based diets. The market growth is further supported by the presence of a diverse population that embraces global cuisines.
  4. Middle East and Africa: Black gram is an essential ingredient in many traditional Middle Eastern and African cuisines. The market growth in this region is driven by the strong culinary traditions and the growing preference for healthy and nutritious food.
  5. Latin America: The black gram market in Latin America is gradually expanding, driven by the increasing consumer awareness about the nutritional benefits of black gram and its versatile usage in various dishes.

Competitive Landscape

The black gram market is highly competitive, with numerous players operating at regional, national, and international levels. The market players are focusing on strategies such as product innovation, expansion of distribution channels, and mergers and acquisitions to gain a competitive edge. Some of the key players in the black gram market include:

  1. AGT Foods
  2. Archer Daniels Midland Company
  3. Cargill, Incorporated
  4. Ingredion Incorporated
  5. Goya Foods, Inc.
  6. McCain Foods Limited
  7. Rajma Udyog
  8. Sarveshwar Foods Limited
  9. Shri Lal Mahal Group
  10. Trade Wings International


The black gram market can be segmented based on various factors, including product type, form, end-use, and distribution channel.

  1. By Product Type:
    • Whole Black Gram
    • Split Black Gram
  2. By Form:
    • Whole
    • Split
    • Flour
  3. By End-Use:
    • Food Industry
    • Retail
    • Foodservice
  4. By Distribution Channel:
    • Supermarkets/Hypermarkets
    • Convenience Stores
    • Online Retail
    • Others

Category-wise Insights

  1. Whole Black Gram: Whole black gram, also known as black lentils, refers to the unsplit seeds of black gram. It is commonly used in the preparation of traditional dal, soups, stews, and curries. Whole black gram is valued for its rich flavor and texture.
  2. Split Black Gram: Split black gram refers to the dehusked seeds of black gram, which are split in half. It is commonly known as urad dal and is extensively used in various culinary preparations, including dals, curries, and idli/dosa batters. Split black gram cooks faster compared to whole black gram.
  3. Black Gram Flour: Black gram flour is obtained by grinding whole or split black gram into a fine powder. It is used as a gluten-free alternative to wheat flour in various recipes, including bread, pancakes, and snacks. Black gram flour is valued for its high protein content and is a popular ingredient in gluten-free and vegan baking.

Key Benefits for Industry Participants and Stakeholders

The black gram market offers several key benefits for industry participants and stakeholders.

  1. Revenue Generation: The growing market demand for black gram presents revenue-generating opportunities for farmers, processors, distributors, and retailers involved in the black gram value chain.
  2. Market Expansion: The increasing consumer awareness about the health benefits and versatility of black gram opens up opportunities for market expansion and diversification of product offerings.
  3. Health and Nutrition: Black gram is a nutritious food ingredient, rich in protein, dietary fiber, vitamins, and minerals. Industry participants can cater to the growing demand for healthy and nutritious food products by incorporating black gram in their offerings.
  4. Sustainability: Black gram cultivation is considered environmentally friendly, as legumes have the ability to fix atmospheric nitrogen, reducing the need for synthetic fertilizers. Industry participants can contribute to sustainability goals by promoting black gram cultivation and consumption.

SWOT Analysis

A SWOT analysis of the black gram market provides insights into its strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, and threats.


  • Nutritional Value: Black gram is rich in protein, dietary fiber, vitamins, and minerals, making it a highly nutritious food ingredient.
  • Versatility: Black gram can be used in a wide range of culinary preparations, including dals, soups, curries, snacks, and gluten-free baking.
  • Cultural Significance: Black gram holds cultural and culinary significance in many Asian cuisines, contributing to its market demand.


  • Price Volatility: Fluctuations in the price of black gram due to factors like crop yield, market dynamics, and climate conditions can affect market stability.
  • Limited Cultivation Areas: Black gram is primarily cultivated in specific regions with suitable agro-climatic conditions, leading to supply-demand imbalances in certain markets.


  • Product Diversification: Expanding the product portfolio to include value-added black gram products, such as flour, snacks, and ready-to-cook meals, can cater to evolving consumer preferences.
  • Geographic Expansion: Exploring untapped markets and expanding the distribution network can help reach new consumers and increase market share.


  • Competition from Substitutes: Black gram faces competition from other legumes and plant-based protein sources, which may affect its market growth.
  • Pest and Disease Outbreaks: Black gram cultivation is susceptible to pests and diseases, which can impact crop yield and quality.

Market Key Trends

  1. Rising Demand for Plant-Based Protein Sources: The increasing adoption of vegetarian and vegan diets has fueled the demand for plant-based protein sources, including black gram. This trend is likely to continue, driving market growth.
  2. Innovation in Black Gram Products: There is a growing trend of product innovation in the black gram market, with the development of new black gram-based snacks, ready-to-cook meals, and gluten-free baking products. These innovative offerings cater to the evolving consumer preferences.
  3. Organic and Sustainable Black Gram Production: The market is witnessing a rise in organic and sustainable black gram cultivation practices. Consumers are increasingly seeking organic food options, and industry participants are responding by adopting organic farming methods.
  4. Online Retail and E-commerce: The digital revolution has transformed the retail landscape, and the black gram market is no exception. Online retail platforms and e-commerce websites offer convenient access to a wide range of black gram products, expanding market reach and consumer convenience.

Covid-19 Impact

The Covid-19 pandemic has had both positive and negative impacts on the black gram market.

Positive Impact:

  • Increased Health Consciousness: The pandemic has heightened consumer awareness about the importance of a healthy diet and immune-boosting foods. Black gram, with its nutritional value, has gained prominence as a healthy food ingredient.
  • Demand for Shelf-Stable Foods: During the lockdowns and movement restrictions, there was a surge in demand for shelf-stable food products. Black gram, with its long shelf life and versatility, has witnessed increased consumption.

Negative Impact:

  • Disruptions in Supply Chain: The pandemic disrupted the global supply chain, affecting the availability of black gram in certain markets. Restrictions on transportation and trade impacted the movement of goods, leading to supply shortages.
  • Price Fluctuations: The uncertainties caused by the pandemic led to price fluctuations in the black gram market. Fluctuating prices affected both producers and consumers, creating challenges in market stability.

Key Industry Developments

  1. Launch of Black Gram-Based Snacks: Several food companies have launched black gram-based snacks, such as roasted black gram, black gram chips, and black gram namkeen. These products cater to the growing demand for healthy and protein-rich snacks.
  2. Collaboration for Research and Development: Industry players and agricultural research institutes are collaborating to develop improved black gram varieties with higher yields, disease resistance, and enhanced nutritional profiles. These collaborations aim to drive innovation and improve the overall market quality.
  3. Expansion of Distribution Networks: Key players in the black gram market are expanding their distribution networks by entering into strategic partnerships, establishing new sales channels, and exploring e-commerce platforms. These initiatives aim to enhance market reach and accessibility.

Analyst Suggestions

  1. Strengthen Supply Chain: To mitigate supply chain disruptions, industry participants should focus on building robust and resilient supply chains. Collaboration with logistics providers and investments in storage and distribution infrastructure can help ensure a consistent supply of black gram.
  2. Product Diversification: Industry players should explore product diversification by introducing value-added black gram products. Innovation in packaging, convenient formats, and ready-to-cook offerings can cater to the evolving consumer demands and preferences.
  3. Market Research and Consumer Insights: Conducting market research and gathering consumer insights can help identify emerging trends, consumer preferences, and potential market gaps. This information can guide product development, marketing strategies, and business decision-making.
  4. Sustainable Practices: Embracing sustainable farming practices, such as organic cultivation and efficient resource management, can enhance market competitiveness and meet the growing demand for sustainable and eco-friendly food products.

Future Outlook

The future outlook for the black gram market is positive, with continued growth expected in the coming years. Factors such as increasing consumer awareness about health and nutrition, rising demand for plant-based protein sources, and product innovations will drive market expansion. However, industry participants need to address challenges such as price volatility, limited cultivation areas, and pest management to ensure sustained growth.


The black gram market has experienced significant growth driven by factors such as increasing consumer awareness, rising demand for plant-based protein, and changing food habits. Black gram’s nutritional value, versatility, and cultural significance contribute to its market demand. While challenges such as price volatility and limited cultivation areas exist, industry participants can capitalize on opportunities like product diversification and geographic expansion. Embracing sustainable practices and staying abreast of key industry developments will be crucial for future success. With the positive outlook for the market, the black gram industry is poised for continued growth and market expansion in the years to come.

North America
o US
o Canada
o Mexico

o Germany
o Italy
o France
o UK
o Spain
o Denmark
o Sweden
o Belgium
o Poland
o Russia
o Netherlands
o Norway
o Portugal
o Israel
o Rest of Europe

Asia Pacific
o China
o Japan
o India
o South Korea
o Indonesia
o Malaysia
o Thailand
o Singapore
o Australia
o New Zealand
o Rest of Asia Pacific

South America
o Brazil
o Argentina
o Colombia
o Chile
o Peru
o Rest of South America

The Middle East & Africa
o Saudi Arabia
o Qatar
o South Africa
o Northern Africa
o Rest of MEA

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